African lion (Panthera leo)
We correctly call it 'African' because in Asia (in SW India) the last Asian lions are still fighting for their survival. During the Pleistocene lion reaches North America and beyond — until 10-11 000 years ago, the lions (not cougars!) were spread even in South America up to Peru. The s. c. Cave lion is actually a subspecies of the lion — P. l. spelaea. In the early historic time the European lion was still widespread in the Mediterranean, incl. the Balkans. About 1st century AD the lion disappeared in the Western Europe. Up to 70 AD it was still in existence along the Mesta River Valley. About 100 AD it disappeared from the Balkan Peninsula. It is amazing that the lion was the most widespread land mammal after humans.