The range of the species is confined to the Balkans. In Bulgaria distributed in the higher parts in Stara Planina, Rila and Pirin between 1800 (Pirin: Demyanitsa) (Buresch & Tuleschkow, 1929
: 225) and 2900 m (Rila: Musala) (Buresch & Tuleschkow, 1929
: 225). Protected under the Biological Diversity Act in Bulgaria.
: Pl. II, Pl. XIV, 119, 135) • GM07:
UTM map of the known distribution of Erebia rhodopensis in Bulgaria.