The species range in confined to European Alps and Bulgaria. In Bulgaria known from the higher parts of Rila and Pirin at an altitudinal range of 1800 (Pirin: Spano Pole) (Thurner, 1935
: 96) — 2800 m (Pirin: Vihren) (Buresch, 1918
: 75, Pl. XXX, 127) • GM17:
UTM map of the known distribution of Euphydryas cynthia in Bulgaria.