Where am I? > Home > Articles > Volume 41
Research article

https://doi.org/10.48027/hnb.41.08001

urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:4899A23A-498D-4F53-819B-173E275195F7

Chauvireria bulgarica sp. n. — an extinct Early Pleistocene small phasianid of Phasianinae Horsfield, 1821 from Bulgaria


Zlatozar Boev https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8049-7509

6 July 2020 · volume 41 · [8] · pp. 55–70 · PDF

Abstract: A new species of small phasianid is described, based on 54 bone findings of 21 skeletal elements of forelimb and pectoral girdle (9) and hindlimb and pelvic girdle (12) representing at least four individuals. The holotype is the scapula. The new species differs from the type species (Chauvireria balcanica Boev, 1998) of the genus by: (1) the longer acromion scapulae, which is more upright and dorsally instead of cranially directed, (2) the thinner humeral part of the coracoid, and (3) the wider condylus dorsalis of the humerus. The species probably inhabited rocky, open shrubby and dry habitats in the middle Villafranchian (Villanyian; first half of MNQ 18 a; 2.1–1.95 Mya) in western Bulgaria.

Keywords: Quaternary birds, Slivnitsa locality, Villafranchian fauna, Villanyian

References [17]

Baumel J.J., Witmer L.M. 1993 Osteologia. In: Baumel J., King A., Breazile J., Evans H., Vanden Berge J. (eds). Handbook of avian anatomy: Nomina Anatomica Avium. Pub. Nutall Orn. Cl. 23. Cambridge, Massachusetts, 45–132.
Bochenski Z. 1997 List of European fossil bird species. Acta zoologica cracoviensia 40 (2): 293–333.
Boev Z. 1996 Tertiary avian localities of Bulgaria. In: Mlikovsky, J. (ed.) Tertiary avian localities of Europe. Acta universitatis Carolinae Geologica. Univerzita Karlova. Praha, 39 (1995): 541–545.
Boev Z. 1997 Chauvireria balcanica gen. n., sp. n. (Phasianidae — Galliformes) from the Middle Villafranchian of Western Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica 27 (3–4): 69–78.
Boev Z. 1998 Presence of Bald Ibises (Geronticus Wagler, 1832) (Threskiornithidae — Aves) in the Late Pliocene of Bulgaria. Geologica Balcanica 28 (1–2): 45–52.
Boev Z. 1998 Late Pliocene Hawfinches (Coccothraustes Brisson, 1760) (Aves: Fringillidae) from Bulgaria. Historia naturalis bulgarica 9: 87–99.
Boev Z. 1999 Neogene and Quaternary birds (Aves) from Bulgaria. National Museum of Natural History, Bulg. Acad. of Sci., Sofia. D. Sci. Thesis. Volume I. Basic Part. 1–243; Volume II. Supplement 1 — Figures, 1–135; Volume II. Supplement 2 — Tables, 1–108. (In Bulgarian)
Boev Z. 2002 Neogene avifauna of Bulgaria. In: Zhou Z., Zhang F. (eds) Proceedings of the 5th Symposium of the Society of Avian Palaeontology and Evolution, Beijing, 01–04.06.2000. Science Press, Beijing, 29–40.
Boev Z. 2012 Neogene Larks (Aves: Alaudidae (Vigors, 1825) from Bulgaria. Acta zoologica bulgarica 64 (3): 295–318.
Brodkorb P. 1964 Catalogue of fossil birds. Part 2 (Anseriformes through Galliformes). Bulletin of the Florida State Museum. Biological sciences, 8 (3): 195–336.
Dickinson E.C., Remsen Jr. J.V. (eds) 2013 The Howard & Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 4th Edition. Vol. 1, Aves Press, Eastboume, U.K., 461 pp.
Livezey B.C., Zusi R.L. 2006 Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy: I. Methods and Characters. Bulletin of Carnegie Museum of Natural History 37: 1–544.
McCowan P.J. 1994 Family Phasianidae (Pheasants and Partridges). In: del Hoyo J., Elliott A., Sargatal J. (eds). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 2. New World Vulturcs to Guineafowl. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, 434–553.
Mlíkovský J. 2002 Cenozoic Birds of the World. Part 1: Europe. Praha: Ninox Press, 1–406.
Spassov N. 1997 The Villafranchian Mammalian fauna and its investigation in Europe, on the Balkans and in Bulgaria. Geologica balcanica 27 (3–4): 83–94.
Spassov N. 1998 Villafranchian succession of mammalian megafaunas from Bulgaria and the biozonation of South-East Europe. In: Aguilar J.P., Legendre S., Michaux J. (eds) Actes du Congres BiochroM’97, Mem. Trav. E.P.H.E., Inst. Montpellier 21: 669–676.
Spassov N. 2016 Southeastern Europe as a Route for the Earliest Dispersal of Homo toward Europe: Ecological Conditions and the Timing of the First Human Occupation of Europe. In: Harvati K., Roksandic M. (eds), Paleoanthropology of the Balkans and Anatolia, Vertebrate Paleobiology and Paleoanthropology, Springer Science + Business Media Dordrecht 2016, 281–290.

Index descriptus

Chauvireria bulgarica Boev, 2020

— views: 111 (updated daily)

Cite as

Boev Z. 2020 Chauvireria bulgarica sp. n. — an extinct Early Pleistocene small phasianid of Phasianinae Horsfield, 1821 from Bulgaria. Historia naturalis bulgarica 41: 55–70.

Export: BibTeX EndNote RefMan · JATS metadata

Open access
All journal content is available for free under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).