The species range includes the Balkans, North-East Turkey and Caucasus. In Bulgaria locally distributed in Vitosha, Osogovo, Rila and Rhodopi mountains from 1100 (Rila: Rilski Manastir) to 2200 m (Vitosha: Platoto) (Buresch & Tuleschkow, 1929
: 182). No new records exist from Vitosha. Protected in Bulgaria under the Biological Diversity Act (2002).
UTM map of the known distribution of Colias caucasica in Bulgaria.